Lexicon of Bookbinding

All the important terms from A to Z

| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y
  • The practice of removing a portion of the board at the joints (either inner or outer, or both). The purpose is to relieve strain on the joints of the book when the book is opened, and also to allow the correct setting and shaping of the headcaps.

  • The inner margin of the folded sections. Sometimes referred to as the binding margin, as it is where the sections are secured by stitching.

  • The final pages of a book, comprising notes, bibliography or references, appendices, indices and any other pages to make up the final section or sections of the book. Blank pages are sometimes included to make up a complete section.

  • The edge of a book along which the leaves or sections are fastened together in binding. See also spine.

  • Fanning out and hammering the back of the book to form joints or shoulders to accommodate the cover boards. See also joint.

  • Wedge-shaped boards, usually of beech. They are angled at the wide ends to assist in making the joint on the spine when backing.

  • The cords or thongs on which the sections of a book are sewn. If the cords are laid into grooves so that they lie flush with or slightly below the surface of the back, they are referred to as recessed cords. If the cords or thongs are not recessed, they form ridges across the backbone of the book and are referred to as raised bands. See also flexible binding.

  • A thin writing paper, white or tinted. See also bond.

  • Combiningmultiple layers of paper with twine bites into a book. To anchor the book blocks in the covers, the book documents are attached to cords, ribbons or parchment belts, old books were tacked on pig leather straps proved because of their fat content to be particularly durable. The oldest Stapling, a kind Aktenstichheftung that "Langstichheftung" was carried out by the parchment or leather back, and then was happy to by several wraps on the back of exposed threads for Zierstichheftung (coperte). In old books, the book lay on the situation spinal cords were wrapped with twine and were then "raised" or "real covenants". The Handheftung was mostly on the stapling load, but is displaced by the thread, and the adhesive bond Maschinenheftung; whereas in Handheftung linen thread is used, the stitching machine is used to "cops" wound cotton, rayon or nylon threads.

  • A thread crossing over at the base of the headbanding core, to create a raised, bead-like effect.

  • Covering boards which are angled at the edges to present a more elegant appearance.

  • A bookcover, in any style.

  • A method of sewing in which the thread pierces the side of the sections and is then looped around the back edges.

  • Blind embossing,blind printing or reactive printing is called in the book making the memorization of patterns, motifs or writing on leather and Pergamenteinbände without color or gold. Blind pressure refers to the large stamped or embossed with boards using mechanical aids, blind blocking the pure craftsmanship.

  • Making a dark impression in leather, by impressing either a hot finishing tool into it, or a cold tool that has first been dabbed in printer's ink.

  • Making an impression in leather or cloth with a heated finishing tool, as a guide for gold tooling.

  • On leather andparchment bindings, which are manufactured as hand cover - especially when Franz band - one uses the technique of stabbing capital of hand.

  • See endpapers.

  • The folds which occur at head and foredge when a sheet is folded into a section. These are usually trimmed, but you may still find older books for sale with untrimmed edges.

  • A heavier substance of writing paper than bank.

  • The Egyptians hadthe book as "papyrus", which was adopted by the Greeks and Romans. The Assyrians and Babylonians used "clay tablets". Connected with hinges wax tablets ("diptychs") were the precursors of the "Code". The first books in Europe were established at the beginning of the 6th century They consisted mainly of parchment, but later also made ​​of paper. The first written and most ingeniously painted book texts originated in monasteries and in them also the first bookbinding. The invention of letters by Gutenberg in the 15th century Books were more numerous and cheaper to produce. The books printed before 1500 are called "incunabula" or "incunabula". Prints from the period 1500-1550 are "early impressions".

  • The spine isthe narrow side of a book, where the book block is mounted on the cover. For bound books with fixed envelope of the back is usually associated with the hinge-like book covers. The book package will be mounted from the inside of the gutter, generally. About inserting a sleeve Thus forming the back of a protective cap, which simultaneously stabilizes the cover and thus ensures a clean and stable connection. The spine can be rounded or straight, and usually wears a caption, author, title and publisher of the book names. With opened book, the font can be either vertical or horizontal, ie, parallel or perpendicular to Buchrückenfalz to be executed.

  • Bookbindingis the name for the profession, which brings the book in its final form and establishes the binding. So he makes the final step after completion of the book production editing, typesetting, layout and printing work, ie the production and connection of the outer envelope enclosing the book block with all the steps of arranging and assembling of the layers up to the artistic design.
    The bookbinder earlier times had to master many techniques that have been in time to certain professions (Portefeuiller, painters, bookmakers business, colored paper manufacturer, Case workers, Kartonager etc.)
    It was the time of the guild system and in small towns until the beginning of the 20th Century, a simple craft, be prepared in which each bookbinder, from journeyman to, had the ability, a book with gold trim and gold-trimmed with leather cover self-consistently. Since the industrial series bookbinding took the upper hand and machine is running only in particular cases and crafts.
    The craft of bookbinding has changed the course of history dramatically. Today we distinguish between the artisanal and the industrial Buchbinder, a relatively new profession is that of the book restorer. By far the largest production today takes over the industrial bookbinding. The craft enterprises on the other hand are devoted mainly to one-offs and repairs, eg the range of bookbinding, the library books, authorities integrates business and private people and the art or hand bookbinder who only produces custom-made, special volumes, slipcase and boxes. The book restorer is concerned, however, with the restoration of valuable old books and often.

  • The trainees in the field of book series production typically works with large printshops with bookbinding or holdings of print finishing, specializing in books and brochures. Its mission is to serve the individual machines in the production run, to equip, to monitor and maintain. In large companies, the trainees often specialize on specific areas of work, such as block-book or book cover maker. Additionally includes the packaging of the finished products to the working profile.

  • The workplace and the Tasks of the trainee in the print processing do not differ substantially from that in the book series production. He but does not create books, but magazines, calendars and promotional materials such as brochures and leaflets, called commercial print. The packaging and shipping of the final product is another essential component of the training. Here, too, usually a specialization is desired, for example, the work of folding, collating and perfect binders. The workplace is often in a newspaper printing. Since the large-scale machine production work now often around the clock, including night shifts it into a career.

  • Trainees in individual and special manufacturing work in small workshops. In addition to unique pieces and limited editions, they also bind magazines and loose-leaf publications to anthologies. The making of maps, cassettes, albums, cutting mat or the raising of posters and pictures is also one of their missions. Some, particularly in library workshops, and little extensive work to be done. The work in this course is mostly manual labor, for only a few steps are taken to help smaller machines. Anecdotal and special shop worn as single in today's professional field of bookbinder still continue the tradition of hand-decorated cover. In individual cases, even the tradition of the "wandering journeyman" neat, but this is difficult to make due to the low infrastructure of businesses.

  • Book-covering material made from woven cotton.

  • Strong and expensive book-covering material, made from woven linen or a mixture of linen and cotton.

Letter b